18 Tips To Prevent Respiratory Diseases
The cold environment and pollution play an important role in the appearance of respiratory diseases during the winter. The common cold, influenza, bronchitis, pharyngitis, even pneumonia and pneumonia, are the diseases that affect Chileans every year during this time.
Older adults and young children are the most affected, where the syntactical virus is the most common among children, in fact acute respiratory infections in them are the most frequent causes of medical consultations. Due to this, the Ministry of Health has already begun its vaccination campaign against influenza, which will run until June 13.
The much feared influenza along with other typical winter diseases, will be responsible for the hospital work should be reinforced, both in the outpatient and in hospital.
But to prevent these diseases, the Director of the School of Health Sciences of the Universalized Del Pacific, Patricia Fernandez Diaz, gives 18 tips to avoid these conditions:
1.-Vaccinate. Adults over 65 years old should or should be vaccinated against influenza, since they are more likely to get this virus. For pneumonia, the vaccine is given to people 60 years of age or older. Both are free in the offices and help prevent associated secondary complications. In the case of children, they should keep their vaccinations up to date, especially if they have been premature, and vaccination for the influenza virus is recommended from 6 to 23 months.
2.-Wash your hands several times a day, especially after coming in contact with secretions (after wiping your nose).
3.-Use alcohol gel when water is not available.
4.-Cover your mouth and nose with your forearm when sneezing.
5.-Use disposable handkerchiefs or toilet paper when blowing, which should be removed immediately after use and not stored in pockets.
6.-Avoid public spaces with agglomerations, such as shopping centers and supermarkets. For this reason, go to hospital centers only if necessary.
7.-Avoid contact with sick people.
8.-Ventilate spaces daily (home and office) is key in prevention.
9.-Maintain spaces without humidity. Do not dry clothes inside the house.
10.-Avoid drastic changes in temperature.
11.-Drink plenty of liquid and consume plenty of fruits and vegetables that contain vitamin C, such as orange, lemon, kiwi, grapefruit, tomatoes and spinach.
12.-Use appropriate clothing to protect from the cold, such as scarves, hats, parkas and gloves.
13.-Keep the home at a suitable temperature, between 18 and 20 degrees.
14.-Use non-polluting heating. If paraffin is used, it is recommended to ventilate the rooms every day and, in addition, turn the stove on and off outside.
15.-Isolate the patients so as not to infect the rest of the family.
16.-Do not overly warm the children.
17.-Cover the mouth and nose of children when leaving when faced with sudden changes in temperature
18.-Encourage breastfeeding in children under one year as a protective factor
What to do if even taking the precautions begin to manifest the symptoms?
“In the case of children under six months of age, if they complain when they breathe, their ribs sink, they are feverish, decayed, they should go immediately to an emergency center or to the nearest health center.”
“In the case of an adult, if after two or three days the person does not improve and is worse, most likely it is over infected by a bacterium and for that it is necessary to consult the doctor,” the specialist concludes.